Researcher from LIPI, named Destario Metusala, announced today that he and his partner from Singapore, Peter O’Byrne, found new orchid species called Dipodium brevilabium, D. Metusala & P. O’Byrne.

According to his email to ANTARA on Tuesday, 8th September 2009, they have been researching since the beginning of 2008. This journal is a proof that Indonesia still have many unknown bio-diversity. The journal itself was published in International Orchid Review (page 117, fig. page 151-153, source here), United Kingdom, September 2009 edition.

Dipodium brevilabium - courtesy of ANTARA

Dipodium brevilabium (courtesy of ANTARA)

Dipodium sp have 25 species spread from Indo-China to Melanesia and Australia and West Pacific archipelago. This genus is hard to be identified by many taxonomist because it has same flower appearance with its labellum structure almost consistent. Like any other Dipodium sp in Indonesia, this orchid, Dipodium brevilabium, also have an appearance like Pandan plant (Pandanus amaryllifolius). That’s why people always called  it Pandan orchid.

The orchid can come with 35 buds inflorescence and lasted for 15-20 days. Its flower have diameter 3.3-3.7 cm and yellow as its base color with red-to-brown stripes. Dipodium brevilabium have unique morphology character which can be differentiated from other Dipodium orchids, that is, its short labellum with rounded middle lobus. The name “brevilabium” itself came from its labellum appearance.

This orchid is quite adaptive and can be cultivated from 200-700 m from sea level with 50%-70% brightness level. The humidity of its media and the air circulation are the most important things to be noted when we cultivated it, because when we lack of both criteria, fungi can come and kill the plant with rotted growing point.

Dipodium brevilabium orchid might have limited distribution to Indonesia only.